Robert Goodman Accountants Blog

Personal services income: a refresher

Individuals or those with companies that earn income through personal effort and skills should be familiar with the concept of personal services income (PSI). This includes tradespeople but also for consultants that work in a wide variety of fields. Earning PSI is not an ideal outcome as it can limit the deductions you can claim. However, this situation can be potentially avoided if you satisfy the criteria for a personal services business (PSB) or apply to the ATO for a Personal Services Business Determination.

The ATO has recently updated its ruling on Personal Services Income (PSI) to incorporate a myriad of significant court and AAT decisions that have occurred since the original rulings were issued almost 20 years ago. While the principals remain the same, the subsequent court decisions provided clarification on certain aspects of the law. So now is the perfect time for a refresher on the basics of PSI and associated personal services entities (PSEs).

Firstly, PSI only applies to individuals and is income that is mainly reward for personal effort or skills. That is, more than 50% of the ordinary or statutory income received needs to be reward for personal efforts and skills of the individual. Income that is principally generated from supply or sale of goods, supply and use of income-producing assets, or by a specific business structure are not considered to be PSI.

A simple real world example would be a sole trader using their skills to earning income either directly, or through an interposed entity (ie a PSE).

If you're determined to have earned PSI, the deductions that can be claimed will be limited to the deductions that you could've claimed if you were an employee and the income earned was salary and wages. This means that, for example, you'll be unable to deduct rent, mortgage, interest, rates or land tax in relation to a residence or part of a residence that you use to gain or produce PSI. This also largely applies to PSEs in relation to the "test individual".

To avoid that outcome, an individual/PSE can self-assess whether or not they conduct a Personal Services Business (PSB) in an income year, against one of the 4 tests set out below. If any one of the 4 tests is met during an income year, the PSI rules will not apply to limit deductions:

  • results test – can be satisfied if at least 75% of a test individual's PSI in an income year is for producing a result as well as being responsible for the cost of rectifying all defects. The individual is also required to supply the plant, equipment and tools of trade needed to do the work.
  • unrelated clients test – can be met if an individual or PSE gains or produces income during the year from 2 or more entities that are not associates of each other (or associates of the individual or PSE), and the services must be provided as a direct result of making offers/invitations (eg advertising) to the public at large or a section of the public.
  • employment test – is met where the individual/PSE engages one or more entities to perform at least 20% (by market value) of the individual/PSE's principal work. Note, however, test individuals of the PSE do not count towards the employment test.
  • business premises test – can be satisfied if the individual or PSE maintains and uses business premises at all times during the income year that meet certain conditions such as being physically separate from premises used for private purposes.

However, if more than 80% of the PSI or PSE's income is from one source (ie the same entity and/or its associates), then only the results test can be used to self-assess whether they conduct a PSB. Individuals and PSEs can also apply to the Commissioner for a Personal Services Business Determination to get certainty on their unique situation.

Want to confirm whether you're still a PSB?

If you're a sole trader with a business and are not sure whether you meet the updated definition of a PSB, we can help you work it out and apply for a personal services business determination if necessary. Don't risk your deductions, contact us today for expert help and advice.

Email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at© Copyright 2021 Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants.

End of FBT year fast approaching



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If your business has provided any benefits to your employees (including current, prospective or former employees as well as their associates) during the year, you may be liable for FBT. Businesses that are new to FBT need to be aware that the FBT year differs from the income tax year and runs from 1 April to 31 March the following year (ie 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021). With the end of the FBT year fast approaching, now is the time to get organised with all the records and declarations that may enable you to reduce your FBT liability.

With the end of March fast approaching, so too is the end of the FBT year which runs from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021. While FBT returns do not need to be lodged until 21 May 2021, for many businesses, now is the time to start getting organised in relation to employee contributions for benefits, as well as record-keeping and employee declarations required.

Remember, if your business (or an associate of your business) has provided any benefits to your employees, you may be liable for FBT. This includes current, prospective or former employees as well as their associates. It also does not matter what structure you run your business as (ie sole trader, partnership, trustee, corporation, unincorporated association etc), if a benefit was provided in respect of employment, then it may be a fringe benefit.

There are many FBT benefits which may prove confusing for businesses that have not dealt with the tax before, but an easy way to figure out whether your business may be liable for FBT is to ask a few simple questions:

  • did you provide any cars or other vehicles for employees to use?
  • did you lend any money to employees or waive a debt owed by an employee?
  • did you pay for or reimburse an employee's non-business related expense (eg school fees for children, general living expenses, mortgage payments etc)?
  • did you provide any house or other accommodation to your employees?
  • did you provide any food, drink or recreation to your employees?

All of the above activities and more can attract FBT. In total, there are 13 different types of fringe benefits each with their own specific valuation rules. While the FBT tax rate of 47% may seem fearsome, there are ways to reduce the amount of FBT your business may have to pay where a benefit has in fact been provided.

One of the simplest ways to reduce the amount of FBT your business may be required to pay is for your employees to make payments towards to cost of providing a fringe benefit, also known as employee contributions.

However, it should be noted that employee contributions must be paid out of the employee's after-tax income and a contribution towards a particular fringe benefit cannot be used to reduce the taxable value of any other fringe benefit.

Generally, any employee contributions made to the business will need to be included in the assessable income of the business. Although for particular benefits, for example, car fringe benefits, employees can pay a third party for various operating costs such as fuel or insurance that can be counted as an employee contribution (as long as they are not reimbursed by the business) and do not have to be included in the assessable income of the business.

Your business can also take advantage of various exemptions or concessions to reduce your FBT liability, but beware that adequate records need to be kept including declarations by employees, invoices and receipts. As a general rule, you should keep the documents for at least 5 years from when the relevant FBT return is lodged.

Need help with FBT?

If you're new to FBT and need help in working out whether the benefits you've provided to your employees make your business liable to FBT, contact us today, we have the expertise to help you get it right.

Email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at© Copyright 2021 Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants.

Has your employer underpaid super?


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Are you an employee that has been underpaid super by your employer? If you think that's the case, and you're keen to claw back what's rightfully yours, there's a few routes you can take. Perhaps the easiest way, provided you have the proper documentation, is to lodge a super enquiry with the ATO. Most complaints lodged with the ATO will need to relate to underpaid super within the last 5 years and the enquiry process is expected to take 12 months or longer to resolve, so you'll need to act quickly to start the process or risk missing out.

If you're an individual and you think you've been underpaid or not paid super for the work you've done, one of the ways to try to claim unpaid super is to lodge an enquiry with the ATO. While there are other ways to pursue your claim such as going to the Fair Work Ombudsman or through the Courts, going through the ATO may be the easiest way, provided you have the proper documentation.

In order to lodge a claim, first you need to work out whether you were entitled to be paid super. For example, if you didn't earn $450 or more (before tax) in a calendar month, your employer is not required to pay super. If you've determined that you are entitled to be paid super, the next step is to check myGov to ensure that your employer hasn't paid super to their default fund.

When you've confirmed that you're both entitled to be paid super and that amount of super has not been paid or has been underpaid, you can lodge an enquiry with the ATO containing the following information:

  • invoices, claim for payments and/or any other payment documentation;
  • payslip, payment summaries or income statements from the employer;
  • copies of super fund statements for the years in question, plus a further 6 months;
  • the employer's contact details including business address;
  • the employer's ABN; and
  • details outlining the period of unpaid super including when the issue started and ended (ie month and year).

In addition to the information above, the ATO is also likely to seek permission from you to use your name when contacting your employer and in some instances may not be able to proceed with the super enquiry (or there may be delays) if permission is not provided.

If you have an enquiry regarding unpaid or underpaid super that relate to more than 5 years ago, it may be more difficult if not impossible for the ATO to deal with. The ATO notes that unless you have documentary evidence that your employer has not met their super guarantee obligations, it cannot investigate further.

Even in instances where you have the documentary evidence, the ATO notes there is no guarantee that the enquiry can be progressed "due to the timeframe", however, you will generally receive a letter within 28 days advising whether the investigation will commence, allowing you to explore other alternative options.

For enquiries relating to less than 5 years ago, once you lodge your documents, the ATO will contact you as it moves through each of the 5 stages (query received, investigation progressing, employer debt established, debt collection progressing and query closed). Contact will mainly be in the form of mail or email through the myGov portal.

When the "employer debt established" stage is reached, you will receive an estimate from the ATO based on the information received so far. However, the actual amount paid into your super fund may differ from the estimate provided due to the accrual of interest or in instances where your previous employer provides new information. Remember to be patient if you're pursuing the enquiry route through the ATO, the entire process is expected to take 12 months or longer.

Need help?

Do you need help to work out whether you have unpaid or whether your employer has underpaid you super? We have the expertise to help you work it out and submit any enquiries with the ATO on your behalf. Contact us today to take out all the hard work of dealing with the Tax Office.

Email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at© Copyright 2021 Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants.

Data-matching program: online selling

Online sellers beware, the ATO has extended its current data-matching program for another 4 years to ensure that businesses and individuals are correctly meeting their registration, lodgment and tax obligations. The current program will affect most sellers on eBay Australia and New Zealand as well as Amazon. It is expected that around 20,000 to 30,000 account records will be obtained each financial year and matched with ATO data holdings to identify compliance issues. Compliance outcomes including taxpayer audits and voluntary disclosures are expected.

The ATO has extended its current data-matching program for online selling for another 4 years to capture 2018-19 to 2022-23 financial years. The program was previously due to finish in the 2017-18 financial year having had its start in the 2014-15 financial year. The program is aimed at ensuring businesses and individuals selling goods and services online have the proper registrations, are lodging returns, correctly reporting the payments received, and paying the correct amount of tax.

Previously, the online selling data-matching program obtained its data from eBay Australia and New Zealand Pty Ltd and Amazon Commercial Services Pty Ltd and it is expected that the current program will obtain data from the same providers.

In the current data-matching program, the ATO will collect data for individuals including name (given name and surname), date of birth, address, ABN, email address, and contact number. For non-individuals, it will collect data relating to the business name, address (business, postal, registered etc), ABN, contact name, email address, and contact numbers. In addition, the ATO will also collect the account details of the sellers on the various platforms including:

  • account name;
  • account identification number;
  • account registration date;
  • account registration type;
  • store type;
  • seller status;
  • IP address;
  • seller's linked PayPal account;
  • number of annual sales transactions;
  • value of annual sales transactions;
  • number of monthly sales transactions; and
  • value of monthly sales transactions.

The ATO estimates that details of around 20,000 to 30,000 account records will be obtained each financial year and that around half of that number will relate to individual sellers. Records obtained each year will be electronically matched with ATO data holdings to identify and address a number of taxation risks including:

  • incorrect reporting of income within tax returns and BASs;
  • failure to comply with ABN and GST registration obligations when online sellers transition from hobby status to being in business;
  • failure to meet registration, reporting, payment or lodgment obligations.

According to the ATO, insights obtained from the program will be used to inform treatment strategies to improve voluntary compliance through education on taxation obligations. It will also be used to increase understanding of the behaviours and compliance profile of individuals and businesses that sell goods or services via online selling platforms. While the data will not be used to directly initiate automated compliance activity, where high risk activity or compliance issues are identified, the ATO will commence compliance action.

In previous years, the ATO used the online selling data-matching program to identify discrepancies between online sales and information declared in the sellers' tax returns. It was then used to deliver compliance outcomes for income tax and GST using taxpayer audits, voluntary disclosures and lodgments. It is envisaged that the current program will work in a similar way.

The data gathered from the program will be retained for 5 years from receipt of the final instalment of verified data files from the data providers. The ATO notes that this time period supports its general compliance approach of reviewing an assessment within the standard period of review which also aligns with the record keeping requirements for taxpayers.

Hobby or business?

If you are an online seller and are not sure whether you've crossed the threshold from a hobby to a business, we can help. We can also ensure that you have proper records to support your tax positions should the ATO come knocking. Contact us today for expert help.

Email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at© Copyright 2021 Thomson Reuters. All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants.

Jobmaker Hiring Credit

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The government has passed legislation to establish the JobMaker Hiring Credit, which is part of the government's economic response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


The JobMaker Hiring Credit is specifically designed to encourage businesses to take on additional young employees and increase employment.


It does this by providing employers with a fixed amount of $200 per week for an eligible employee aged 16 to 29 years and $100 per week for an eligible employee aged 30 to 35 years, paid quarterly in arrears by the ATO.


To be eligible, the employee must have been receiving JobSeeker Payment, Youth Allowance (Other) or Parenting Payment for at least one of the previous three months, assessed on the date of employment. Employees also need to have worked for a minimum of 20 hours per week of paid work to be eligible, averaged over a quarter, and can only be eligible with one employer at a time.


The hiring credit is not available to an employer who does not increase their headcount and payroll.  It is also not available to an employer receiving other forms of assistance from the Commonwealth Government for the employee, for example, Jobkeeper or an apprenticeship subsidy. 


Employers and employees will be prohibited from entering into contrived schemes in order to gain access to or increase the amount payable.


Existing rights and safeguards for employees under the Fair Work Act will continue to apply, including protection from unfair dismissal and the full range of general protections.


See our Guide here for detailed information.

For a link to the ATO site please click here

For further assistance please email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at Source: NTAA/Knowledge Shop. All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants. 

December Newsletter

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 To review our December Newsletter, please see our Newsletters section or click here.

For further assistance please email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at Source: NTAA All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants. 

Merry Christmas 2020!

We wish to take this opportunity to thank you for your support this year and to wish you and your family a Merry Christmas and a Happy and Prosperous 2021.  

We thought you might enjoy our Rock around the clock Christmas video message. Click here to view it. 

We will be closed from 5pm, 18 December 2020 and re-open at 8:30am on Monday 4 January 2021. If you have an urgent query during this period, please call our message service on 07 3289 1700. 

Our Office is closed on Thursday 17 December from 1pm to 2pm.  Please contact us on 07 3289 1700 to leave a message for us and we will get back to you as soon as we can.




Federal Budget 2021 report

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Federal Budget 2020-21 Update

For You

Personal income tax cuts

Date of effect

1 July 2020


As widely predicted, the Government has brought forward stage 2 of its planned income tax cuts by two years. Originally intended to apply from 1 July 2022, the tax cuts will come into effect from 1 July 2020 (subject to the passage of the legislation).


At a cost of $17.8 billion over the forward estimates, bringing forward the tax cuts is a controversial move. The Government argues that the measure will "boost GDP by around $3.5 billion in 2020-21 and $9 billion in 2021-22 and will create an additional 50,000 jobs by the end of 2021-22." Others in Parliament believe the measure rewards higher income earners and the money could be better spent elsewhere. The Senate will decide whether the Government's plan comes to fruition.


Stage 3 of the Personal Income Tax Plan that simplifies and flattens the personal income system remains scheduled for 2024-25.



Tax thresholds

Tax rate


From 1 July 2020

From 1 July 2024


$0 - $18,200

$0 - $18,200

$0 - $18,200


$18,201 - $37,000

$18,201 - $45,000

$18,201 - $45,000




$45,001 - $200,000


$37,001 - $90,000

$45,001 - $120,000


$90,001 - $180,000

$120,001 - $180,000







Up to $445

Up to $700

Up to $700


Bringing forward the personal income tax plan will:


·         Increase the top threshold of the 19% tax bracket to $45,000 (from $37,000)

·         Increase the top threshold of the 32.5% tax bracket to $120,000 (from $90,000)

·         Increase the low income tax offset from $445 to $700


In addition, the LMITO (low and middle income tax offset), which provides a reduction in tax of up to $1,080 for individuals with a taxable income of up to $126,000, will be retained for 2020-21. This measure was to be removed at the commencement of stage 2 of the reforms from 2022-23.


4   Tax relief to back hard-working Australians and to create more jobs

$250 economic support payments

Date of effect

November 2020 and early 2021


Two additional economic support payments of $250 each will be made to eligible recipients of the following payments and health care card holders:


·         Age Pension

·         Disability Support Pension

·         Carer Payment

·         Family Tax Benefit, including Double Orphan Pension (not in receipt of a primary income support payment)

·         Carer Allowance (not in receipt of a primary income support payment)

·         Pensioner Concession Card (PCC) holders (not in receipt of a primary income support payment)

·         Commonwealth Seniors Health Card holders

·         Eligible Veterans' Affairs payment recipients and concession card holders.


The payments are exempt from taxation and will not count as income support for the purposes of any income support payment.

Capital gains tax removed from 'granny flats'

Date of effect

1 July 2021 subject to the passage of the legislation


At present, if you enter into a formal granny flat arrangement with a relative, such as an elderly parent, there is a risk of capital gains tax (CGT) applying.


Announced pre Budget, this measure provides a targeted CGT exemption for granny flats under certain conditions. Under the arrangement, CGT will not apply to the creation, variation or termination of a formal written granny flat arrangement providing accommodation for older Australians or people with disabilities. 


The exemption only applies to family arrangements or other personal ties and will not apply to commercial rental arrangements.


4  Removing Capital Gains Tax for Granny Flats


10,000 additional places in First Home Loan Deposit Scheme

Date of effect

6 October 2020


Announced pre Budget, from 6 October 2020 until 30 June 2021, an additional 10,000 places will be available for first home buyers under the First Home Loan Deposit Scheme to support the purchase of a new home or a newly built home. The scheme enables first home buyers to purchase a home with a deposit of as little as 5% without mortgage insurance. There are currently 27 participating lenders across Australia offering places under the First Home Loan Deposit Scheme.


4  Helping an additional 10,000 first home buyers

Aged care support

$1.6bn to help elderly stay at home

As previously announced, the Government has committed to a broad package of aged care funding predominantly focussed on helping older Australians remain at home. $1.6 billion has been provided over four years from 2020-21 to release an additional 23,000 home care packages across all package levels.


The number of home care packages will have increased threefold from around 60,300 in 2013 to around 185,500 in 2021.

Aged care industry monitoring and support

An additional $400 million will see an injection in cash for infrastructure supporting the aged care industry including a new serious incident response scheme and monitoring services.



Your Superannuation

Superannuation accounts 'stapled' to an individual

Date of effect

From 1 July 2021


This reform will ensure individuals continue to use their existing superannuation fund when they change jobs. The fund will be "stapled" to the individual to prevent the duplication of superannuation fund accounts when changing employers.


From 1 July 2021:

·         If an employee does not nominate an account at the time they start a new job, employers will pay their superannuation contributions to their existing fund.

·         Employers will obtain information about the employee's existing superannuation fund from the ATO.

·         The employer will do this by logging onto ATO online services and entering the employee's details. Once an account has been selected, the employer will pay superannuation contributions into the employee's account.

·         If an employee does not have an existing superannuation account and does not make a decision regarding a fund, the employer will pay the employee's superannuation into their nominated default superannuation fund.


The Government expects that future enhancements will enable payroll software developers to build systems to simplify the process of selecting a superannuation product for both employees and employers

through automated provision of information to employers.

Accountability of underperforming funds

Date of effect

From July 2021 (MySuper products)

From 1 July 2022 (non MySuper products)


From July 2021, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority will conduct benchmarking tests on the net investment performance of MySuper products, with products that have underperformed over two consecutive annual tests prohibited from receiving new members until a further annual test shows they are no longer underperforming.


If a fund is deemed to be underperforming in the first of these annual tests, it will need to inform its members of its underperformance by 1 October 2021. When funds inform their members about their underperformance they will also be required to provide them with information about the YourSuper comparison tool (see below). Underperforming funds will be listed as underperforming on the YourSuper comparison tool until their performance improves.


Non-MySuper accumulation products where the decisions of the trustee determine member outcomes will be added from 1 July 2022.

Performance transparency

Date of effect

From July 2021 (MySuper products)


A new interactive tool (YourSuper) will enable a comparison of simple super (MySuper) products ranked by fees and investment returns. The tool will also provide links to other MySuper products and show current super accounts if the individual has more than one.


The tool will be administered by the ATO.

Trustee accountability

Date of effect

By 1 July 2021


The obligations on superannuation trustees will be strengthened to ensure their actions are consistent with members' retirement savings being maximised. By 1 July 2021:


·         Superannuation trustees will be required to comply with a new duty to act in the best financial interests of members.

·         Trustees must demonstrate that there was a reasonable basis to support their actions being consistent with members' best financial interests.

·         Trustees will provide members with key information regarding how they manage and spend their money in advance of Annual Members' Meetings.


4   Your future, your super - making your super work harder for you

4   Your Future, Your Super


Business & Employers

JobMaker Hiring Credit

Date of effect

From 7 October 2020 for 12 months


The JobMaker Hiring Credit will be available to eligible employers over 12 months from 7 October 2020 for each additional new job they create for an eligible employee.


Eligible employers will receive:

·         $200 per week if they hire an eligible employee aged 16 to 29 years or

·         $100 per week if they hire an eligible employee aged 30 to 35 years.


The JobMaker Hiring Credit will be paid quarterly in arrears. It will be available for up to 12 months from the date of employment of the eligible employee with a maximum amount of $10,400 per additional new position created.


Employers will need to demonstrate that the new employee will increase overall employee headcount and payroll.


To be eligible, the employee will need to have worked for a minimum of 20 hours per week, averaged over a quarter, and received the JobSeeker Payment, Youth Allowance (other) or Parenting Payment for at least one month out of the three months prior to when they are hired.

Immediate deductions for investment in capital assets

Date of effect

Acquisition of eligible capital assets from 7:30pm AEDT on 6 October 2020 and first used or installed by 30 June 2022


The Government is really keen for business to invest. This measure enables businesses with an aggregated turnover of less than $5 billion to fully expense the cost of new depreciable assets and the cost of improvements to existing eligible assets in the first year of use. This means that an asset's cost will be fully deductible upfront rather than being claimed over the asset's life.


While many businesses were already eligible for an instant asset write-off for asset purchases of up to $150,000, this measure does not cap the asset's cost, and eligibility for the higher instant asset write-off has been significantly broadened and extended (the existing $150,000 instant asset write-off applies to businesses with turnover less than $500 million and will not apply to purchases after 31 December 2020).

Second-hand assets

For businesses with an aggregated turnover under $50 million, full expensing also applies to second-hand assets.


Businesses with aggregated annual turnover between $50 million and $500 million can still deduct the full cost of eligible second-hand assets costing less than $150,000 that are purchased by 31 December 2020 under the existing enhanced instant asset write-off. Businesses that hold assets eligible for the enhanced $150,000 instant asset write-off will have an extra six months, until 30 June 2021, to first use or install those assets.

Small business pooling

Small business entities (with aggregated annual turnover of less than $10 million) using the simplified depreciation rules can deduct the balance of their simplified depreciation pool at the end of the income year while full expensing applies. The provisions which prevent small businesses from re-entering the simplified depreciation regime for five years if they opt-out will continue to be suspended.


4   ATO document 'JobMaker Plan – temporary full expensing to support investment and jobs'

Ability for companies to carry-back losses

Date of effect

Losses from the 2019-20, 2020-21 or 2021-22 income years


Companies with an aggregated turnover of less than $5 billion will be able to carry back losses from the 2019-20, 2020-21 and 2021-22 income years to offset previously taxed profits in the 2018-19, 2019-20 and 2020-21 income years.


Under this measure tax losses can be applied against taxed profits in a previous year, generating a refundable tax offset in the year in which the loss is made. The amount carried back can be no more than the earlier taxed profits, limiting the refund by the company's tax liabilities in the profit years. Further, the carry back cannot generate a franking account deficit meaning that the refund is further limited by the company's franking account balance.


The tax refund will be available on election by eligible businesses when they lodge their 2020-21 and 2021-22 tax returns.


Currently, companies are required to carry losses forward to offset profits in future years. Under the proposed amendments, companies that do not elect to carry back losses can still carry losses forward as normal.


This measure will interact with the Government's announcement to allow full expensing of investments in capital assets. The new investment will generate significant tax losses in some cases which can then be carried back to generate cash refunds for eligible companies.


Note that loss carry-back rules were introduced some years ago by the Gillard government.  The rules were repealed and were only operational in the 2012-13 year.


4   ATO document 'Loss carry back'


R&D tax concessions injection and simplification

Date of effect

1 July 2021


The Government has enhanced its proposed shake-up of the R&D system injecting an additional $2 billion through the Research and Development (R&D) Tax Incentive.


Currently, the R&D Tax Incentive provides the following in respect of eligible R&D activities (for the first $100 million of eligible expenditure):


·         a 43.5% refundable offset for eligible companies with aggregated annual turnover less than $20m; and

·         a 38.5% non-refundable tax offset for all other eligible companies.


Note that the Treasury Laws Amendment (Research and Development Tax Incentive) Bill 2019, before Parliament at the time the Federal Budget was released, proposed various amendments to the R&D Tax Incentive to take effect from the 2019-20 income year. The Government is now delaying (by two years) and enhancing the proposed changes. 

Companies under $20m turnover

For companies with an aggregated annual turnover less than $20 million:


·         The refundable R&D tax offset is being set at 18.5 percentage points above the claimant's company tax rate (an increase from 13.5 percentage points above the claimant's company tax rate as previously announced)

·         The previously announced annual $4 million cap on cash refunds for R&D claimants will not proceed.

Companies over $20m turnover

For companies with aggregated annual turnover of $20 million or more, the previously announced R&D intensity premium, originally intended to apply across three tiers, will now apply across two tiers.


Note the intensity premium will tie the rates of the non-refundable R&D tax offset to the incremental intensity of R&D expenditure as a proportion of total expenditure for the year.  The marginal R&D premium will be the company's tax rate plus:


·         8.5 percentage points above the claimant's company tax rate for R&D expenditure between 0 per cent and 2 per cent R&D intensity for larger companies

·         16.5 percentage points above the claimant's company tax rate for R&D expenditure above 2 per cent R&D intensity for larger companies (the previously announced intensity premiums varied from 4.5 to 12.5 percentage points).


The R&D expenditure threshold - the maximum amount of R&D expenditure eligible for concessional R&D

tax offsets - will be increased as intended from $100 million to $150 million per annum.

Access to tax concessions extended to businesses up to $50m

Date of effect

Three phases: 1 July 2020, 1 April 2021, 1 July 2021


Announced pre Budget, a range of generous tax concessions normally only available to small and medium businesses, will be available to businesses with an aggregated turnover of up to $50 million.

The expanded concessions will be rolled out in three phases:

From 1 July 2020

Immediate deduction for certain start-up expenses

Eligible new businesses can immediately deduct a range of professional expenses required to start up a business – such as professional, legal and accounting advice as well as amounts paid to Government agencies to set up the business entity.


Immediate deduction for prepaid expenditure

Eligible businesses can choose to claim an immediate deduction for prepaid expenses where the payment is for a period of service which is 12 months or less and ends in the next income year.

From 1 April 2021

FBT cark parking exemption

Eligible employers will be exempt from FBT on certain car parking benefits provided to employees.


FBT exemption on portable electronic devices

Eligible employers will be able to provide more than one portable electronic device that is mainly for work use to an employee in a single FBT year and apply an FBT exemption (e.g., phones and laptops).

From 1 July 2021

Simplified trading stock

Eligible businesses can choose not to conduct a stocktake if there is a difference of less than $5,000 between the opening value of trading stock and a reasonable estimate of the closing value of trading stock at the end of the income year.


PAYG instalments based on GDP adjustment amount

Eligible businesses can pay an ATO calculated PAYG instalment amount based on the last reported income (i.e., as reported in the most recent tax return) adjusted by a GDP adjustment factor. This removes the need to calculate the PAYG instalment each period based on a percentage of instalment income.


Settle excise duty and excise-equivalent customs duty monthly

On eligible goods, this concession enables eligible businesses to apply to defer settlement of their excise duty and excise equivalent customs duty from a weekly to a monthly reporting cycle.


Two-year amendment period

Eligible businesses will have a two-year amendment period apply to income tax assessments, excluding entities that have significant

international tax dealings or particularly complex affairs.


Simplified accounting methods

The Commissioner of Taxation's power to create a simplified accounting method determination for GST purposes will be expanded to apply to eligible businesses below the $50 million aggregated annual turnover threshold.


The eligibility turnover thresholds for other small business tax concessions will remain at their current levels.


4   Expanding access to small business tax concessions to support jobs

4   ATO document 'Increase the small business entity turnover threshold'

FBT exemption for retraining and reskilling workers

Date of effect

2 October 2020


Announced pre Budget, the Government will provide a Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT) exemption for employer-provided retraining and reskilling, for employees who are redeployed to a different role in the business.

Currently, if an employer provides a benefit to an employee that is not directly related to their current job, FBT applies. This measure enables employers to help employees reskill for a new role or another role with a different employer, without incurring FBT.

The exemption does not apply to retraining acquired through salary packaging or training provided through Commonwealth supported places at universities. The exemption also does not extend to repayments towards Commonwealth student loans.

The Government will also consult on potential changes to the law to allow a worker to deduct expenses they personally incur to undertake training directed at future employment and skills (current rules that limit deductions to training related to current employment, may act as a disincentive for workers to retrain and reskill). 

4   Boost for skills training with Fringe Benefits Tax exemption

Corporate residency test changes

Date of effect

First income year after the date of Royal Assent

Taxpayers have the option to apply the new law from 15 March 2017


The corporate residency tests will be clarified so that a company that is incorporated offshore will be treated as an Australian tax resident if it has a 'significant economic connection to Australia'. This test will be satisfied if both:

·         the company's core commercial activities are undertaken in Australia, and

·         its central management and control is in Australia.


Note that under current law, where a company is incorporated offshore, it is an Australian resident if both of the following apply:

·         the company carries on business in Australia; and

·         either:

·         its central management and control is in Australia; or

·         its voting power is controlled by Australian resident shareholders.


The announced change follows the High Court's 2016 decision in Bywater Investments Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation that departed from the long-held position on the definition of a corporate resident. Following this decision, the ATO issued TR 2018/5 effective from 15 March 2017 expressing its view that if a company has its central management and control in Australia, and it carries on business, it will carry on business in Australia for the purposes of the 'central management and control' test.  In line with this view, a company will be an Australian resident for tax purposes notwithstanding the fact that no trading or investment operations of the business take place here.  This was not the ATOs previous view set out in the now withdrawn TR 2004/15.


The Government's announcement follows the Board of Taxation's subsequent recommendation that amendments bring the treatment of foreign incorporated companies back to the position pre the 2016 court decision.

FBT record keeping simplified

Date of effect

First FBT year (1 April) after the date of Royal Assent of enabling legislation


The Tax Commissioner will be given the power to simplify record keeping requirements for fringe benefits tax purposes by enabling employers to rely on existing corporate records, rather than employee declarations and other prescribed records to complete FBT returns.

Managed investment trust withholding rate standardised across international information sharing agreements

Date of effect

1 July 2021


The list of  jurisdictions that have an effective information sharing agreement with Australia will be updated such that residents of those listed jurisdictions are eligible to access the reduced Managed Investment Trust (MIT) withholding tax rate of 15% on certain distributions, instead of the default rate of 30%.


The measure will add the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Kuwait, Morocco, North Macedonia and Serbia, and remove Kenya from the existing 122 jurisdictions on the list. These new jurisdictions have entered into information sharing agreements since the previous update in 2019.

Victorian business support grants to be tax-free

Date of effect

Grants announced on or after 13 September 2020 and for payments made between 13 September 2020 and 30 June 2021.


As previously announced, the Government will make the Victorian Government's business support grants for small and medium business tax-free (non-assessable, non-exempt (NANE) income) for tax purposes.


This program will be extended to all States and Territories on an application basis and is restricted to future grants programs.


State-based grants such as the Business Support Grants are generally considered taxable income unless legislation enables them to be treated as non-assessable, non-exempt income.

100,000 new apprenticeships

Date of effect

5 October 2020


Announced pre Budget, from 5 October 2020 a business (or Group Training Organisation) that takes on a new Australian apprentice will be eligible for a 50% wage subsidy, regardless of geographic location, occupation, industry or business size. The scheme will be available until the 100,000 cap has been reached.


Under the subsidy, employers will be eligible for up to 50% of the wages of a new or recommencing apprentice or trainee for the period up to 30 September 2021. The maximum subsidy is $7,000 per quarter.


The subsidy is paid in arrears and is available for wages paid from 5 October 2020 to 30 September 2021.


Eligible businesses are those that:


·         Engage an Australian Apprentice between 5 October 2020 and 30 September 2021, and

·         The Australian Apprentice or trainee is undertaking a Certificate II or higher qualification, and has a training contract that is formally approved by the state training authority.


4   100,000 New Apprenticeship Positions to Lead The Covid-19 Economic Recovery

4   Boosting Apprenticeship Commencements

4   Fact sheet

Specific regional COVID-19 funding measures

The Government has committed close to $552 million over four years from 2020-21 to assist regional Australia recover from the impacts of COVID-19 and recent natural disasters including:


·         $207.7 million over five years from 2020-21 for round 5 of the Building Better Regions Fund

·         $100 million over two years from 2020-21 to facilitate Regional Recovery Partnerships with states, territories and local governments in 10 priority investment regions

·         $51 million over two years from 2020-21 to assist regions heavily reliant on international tourism

·         $50.3 million over four years from 2020-21 to support the Rural Health Multidisciplinary Training program

·         $41 million over three years from 2020-21 to support R&D activities in regional areas

·         $30.3 million over two years from 2020-21 to extend Round One of the Regional Connectivity Program to improve access to digital technologies


4   Regional tourism recovery package to get visitors flowing again








Water infrastructure

The Government will provide $2 billion over ten years from 2020-21 for the development and delivery of a 10-year rolling program of priority water infrastructure investments, including grant funding for the planning and construction of water infrastructure in partnership with the states and territories.

$7.5bn transport infrastructure injection

Announced ahead of the Federal Budget, transport infrastructure spending is a big winner with each State and Territory sharing in an additional $7.5 billion to fast track investment in projects. Working in consultation with the State and Territories, the projects have been identified as "ready to go" or "shovel ready."


4  Morrison Government delivers $7.5 billion boost for transport infrastructure across nation

Australian Capital Territory

$155 million investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $88 million for the Molonglo River Bridge

·         $50 million for a South West Corridor upgrade package.


4  Morrison Government invests $155 million in transport infrastructure to boost ACT economic recovery

New South Wales

$2.7 billion investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $560 million for the Singleton Bypass on the New England Highway

·         $360 million for the Newcastle Inner City Bypass between Rankin Park and Jesmond

·         $120 million for the Prospect Highway Upgrade

·         An additional $491 million for the Coffs Harbour Bypass taking the total contribution to $1.5 billion.


And, for those that catch the train each day to work, there are upgrades planned for commuter carparks along the North Shore to St Marys (T1), and the T8 East Hills Line at Campbelltown, Revesby and Riverwood.


4  Morrison Government invests $2.7 billion in transport infrastructure to boost NSW economic recovery

Northern Territory

$190 million investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $120 million for upgrades to the Carpentaria Highway

·         $23 million to upgrade the Stuart Highway at Coolalinga (part of the $47 million National Network Highway Upgrades across the Territory)


4  Budget infrastructure investment supports economic recovery in the territory


$1.3 billion investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $750 million for Stage 1 of the Coomera Connector (Coomera to Nerang)

·         $112 million for the Centenary Bridge Upgrade in Brisbane

·         $76 million for Stage 2 of the Riverway Drive Upgrade between Allambie Lane and Dunlop Street in Townsville

·         $42 million for the Mt Lindesay Highway Upgrade between Johanna Street and South Street in Jimboomba.


4  Morrison Government invests $1.3 billion in transport infrastructure to boost QLD economic recovery

South Australia

$625 million investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $200 million for the Hahndorf Township Improvements and Access Upgrade

·         $136 million for Stage 2 of the Main South Road Duplication between Aldinga and Sellicks Beach

·         $100 million for the Strzelecki Track Upgrade.


4  Morrison Government invests $625 million in transport infrastructure to boost SA economic recovery


$360 million investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $150 million for the Midway Point Causeway (including McGees Bridge) and Sorell Causeway as part of the Hobart to Sorell Roads of Strategic Importance corridor

·         $65 million to upgrade the Tasman Bridge


4  Morrison Government invests $360 million in transport infrastructure to boost Tasmanian economic recovery


$1.1 billion investment in transport infrastructure. Key investments include:

·         $320 million for the Shepparton Rail Line Upgrade

·         $208 million for Stage 2 of the Warrnambool Rail Line Upgrade

·         $292 million for the Barwon Heads Road Upgrade

·         $85 million to upgrade Hall Road in Cranbourne

·         Work on Stages 2 and 3 of the South Geelong to Waurn Ponds Rail Upgrade will be accelerated with $605 million brought forward into the forward estimates.


4  Morrison Government invests $1.1 billion in transport infrastructure to boost Victorian economic recovery

Western Australia

$1.1 billion investment in transport and infrastructure.  Key investments include:

·         $88 million for the Reid Highway Interchange with West Swan Road

·         $70 million for the Roe Highway Widening and Abernethy Road Upgrade

·         $16 million to undertake sealing of priority sections of the Goldfields Highway between Wiluna and Meekatharra

·         $16 million to undertake upgrades on the Broome-Cape Leveque Road and associated community access roads.


4  Morrison Government invests $1.1 billion in transport infrastructure to boost WA economic recovery

Road and safety upgrades

The Government will provide $2 billion over two years from 2020-21 to deliver small scale road safety projects to provide short term economic stimulus. Road safety projects such as road widening, centre lines and barriers will be identified and delivered by jurisdictions in three six-month tranches to improve safety on Australian roads while stimulating local economies.

$150m for indigenous home ownership program

$150 million will be provided over 3 years from 2020-21 to Indigenous Business Australia for new housing construction loans in regional Australia through its Indigenous Home Ownership Program.




$1bn university research package

The Government has committed $1bn in 2020-21 to safeguard Australia's research sector against the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic by supporting investments in nationally significant research infrastructure, securing research jobs and strengthening partnerships between universities and industry. The package includes:


·         $1bn through the Research Support Program to support the cost of research

·         $41.6 million over four years from 2020-21 to establish a Strategic University Reform Fund to bring together universities and local industries to partner on innovative reform projects

·         $20 million over four years from 2020-21 to establish a Centre for Augmented Reasoning at the University of Adelaide to improve machine learning

Modern manufacturing

As previously announced, the Government has committed to $1.5 billion over five years from 2020-21 to support its Modern Manufacturing Strategy. This strategy has picked six industry winners including resources technology & critical minerals processing, food & beverages, medical products, recycling & clean energy, defence, and space.


4  Transforming Australian manufacturing to rebuild our economy

$1.9bn for new energy technology

As previously announced, the Government has committed $1.9 billion over 12 years from 2020-21 to continue funding the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), expand the investment mandate of the Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC), and invest in low emissions technologies, network infrastructure, dispatchable generation and reliable supplies in the National Electricity Market (NEM). Initiatives include investment in:

·         emerging low emission technologies to increase their commercial readiness

·         a co-investment fund that supports industrial, freight and agricultural businesses to identify and adopt technologies to reduce emissions and increase productivity

·         a Future Fuels Fund, which would enable businesses to integrate new vehicle technologies, perform integration analysis and develop improved information on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure

·         pilot studies for microgrids in regional and remote areas

·         improving productivity and lower energy costs in the building and hotels sectors

·         the development of a technology neutral regional hydrogen export hub to boost regional economies


4  Investment in new energy technologies

Strengthening the Defence industry

Date of effect

From 2020-21


$1 billion over two years from 2020-21 will be provided to strengthen Australia's defence industry. Key initiatives include increasing the employment of Australian Defence Force (ADF) Reservists who have

lost their civilian income, and increasing funding available for Defence innovation, industry and skilling grants.


4  $1B To Accelerate Defence Initiatives In Covid-19 Recovery

Enhancing regional programs

$124.3 million has been provided over 10 years from 2020-21 for further infrastructure projects in the Southwest Pacific, including to construct a border and patrol boat outpost in Solomon Islands' western provinces. The program is provisioned within the Defence budget.

Women's economic security

Date of effect



$231 million over four years has been provided for the Second Women's Economic Security Package, including:

·         $90.3 million over three years to relax the Paid Parental Leave work test for births and adoptions that occur between 22 March 2020 and 31 March 2021 to allow parents to qualify for the payment if they have worked in 10 of the last 20 months, instead of 10 of the last 13 months, preceding the birth or adoption of a child

·         $47.9 million over four years to increase grants for the Women's Leadership and Development Program, including funding for the Academy of Enterprising Girls and Women Building Australia

·         $35.9 million over five years to increase the number of co-funded grants to women-founded start-ups under the Boosting Female Founders Initiative

·         $25.1 million over five years to establish a Women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Industry Cadetship program to support 500 women working in STEM industries to complete an Advanced Diploma through a combination of study and work-integrated learning experiences

Streamlining the agricultural export process

Date of effect



$328.4 million over four years has been committed to streamline the process of agricultural exports from 2020-21. The package includes:


·         $222.2 million over four years (and $22.3 million ongoing) to modernise the ICT systems used to regulate agricultural export assessment and certification services

·         $71.1 million over three years for the sustainability of export certification services

·         $35.2 million over four years for targeted interventions and regulatory reforms in the meat, live animal, seafood, plant and plant product export sectors

Support for drought affected farmers and communities

Over $155 million will be invested in a package of measures including:


·         $50 million in 2020-21 to extend the On-farm Emergency Water Infrastructure Rebate Scheme

·         $19.6 million in 2021-22 to extend the drought function of the National Drought and North Queensland Flood Response and Recovery Agency for another year

·         $86 million over four years from 2020-21 through the Future Drought Fund to establish eight Drought Resilience and Adoption Hubs that support networks of researchers, farmers, agricultural business and community groups to enhance drought resilience practice, tools and technology (part of the $100 million pa Future Drought Fund).

Import duty waived on medical and hygiene products

The current free rate of customs duty on certain hygiene or medical products imported to treat, diagnose

or prevent the spread of COVID-19, has been extended from 1 August 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020-21 migration

To date, migration has played an essential role in Australia's economic growth.


Migration planning levels will remain at 160,000. Family Stream places will increase from 47,732 to 77,300 places on a one-off basis for the 2020-21 Migration Program year, and Employer Sponsored, Global Talent, Business Innovation and Investment Program visas will be prioritised within the Skilled Stream. Those applying on Partner visas will come under greater scrutiny with mandated character checks and the sharing of personal information as part of a mandatory sponsorship application, and sponsors will be subjected to enforceable sponsorship obligations. English language requirements will also be introduced.

Business innovation and investment

Date of effect

1 July 2021


The Government will require more from those seeking to migrate to Australia on the Business Innovation and Investment Program (BIIP). Visa application charges will rise by 11.3% (above regular CPI indexation) and the program will focus on "higher value investors, business owners and entrepreneurs."

Temporary visa holders working in key sectors


The Government has made temporary changes to allow temporary visa holders currently working in the agricultural sector to continue to work in Australia during COVID-19.


Working Holiday Maker (subclass 417 and 462) visa holders currently working in food processing or the agricultural sector will be eligible for a further visa and will be exempt from the six-month work limitation with one employer. Seasonal Worker Program and Pacific Labour Scheme workers, and other visa holders currently in the agricultural sector whose visas are expiring, may have their visas extended for up to 12 months to work for approved employers.

Supermarkets, aged and disability care

Student visa holders (subclass 500) will not be limited to the pre-COVID 40 hour per fortnight work limit in:

·         supermarkets (up to 30 April 2020)

·         aged care with an aged care Approved Provider or Commonwealth-funded aged care service provider

·         disability care with a registered National Disability Insurance Scheme provider.


Student visa holders studying relevant medical courses are also exempt from the 40 hour per fortnight work limit if they are supporting COVID-19 health efforts at the direction of the relevant health authority.

Updated list of deductible gift recipients

The following organisations have been approved as specifically listed deductible gift recipients (DGRs) for the following dates:


·         Royal Agricultural Society Foundation Limited from 1 July 2020

·         Judith Neilson Institute for Journalism and Ideas from 1 July 2020

·         The Andy Thomas Space Foundation from 1 July 2020

·         The Royal Humane Society of New South Wales from 1 July 2020

·         Youthsafe from 1 July 2020

·         Alliance for Journalists' Freedom from 1 July 2020

·         The Great Synagogue Foundation Trust Fund from 1 July 2020 to 30 June 2025.


The following organisations have received approval for an extension of their DGR status for the following dates:

·         Sydney Chevra Kadisha from 1 January 2021 to 30 June 2022, to extend this organisation's DGR status by 18 months

·         Centre for Entrepreneurial Research and Innovation Limited will retain DGR status from 31 December 2021 onwards.


Clarification of income tax exemption of workers with international organisations

Date of effect

1 July 2017


This measure will clarify that Australian short-term experts are entitled to an exemption from income tax for their relevant income from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and three institutions of the World Bank Group (WBG).



The Regulators

·         $104.9 million to AUSTRAC over four years from 2020-21 to strengthen its capacity to combat serious financial crime and to protect Australia's financial system from criminal activities.

·         $459.2 million over four years from 2020-21 to the CSIRO to address the impact of COVID-19 on its commercial activities

·         $305.9 million additional funding to the Australian Taxation Office for the delivery of the next phase of the JobKeeper Payment and the JobMaker Hiring Credit

·         $241.2 million for the Australian Bureau of Statistics to maintain Australia's statistics gathering and analysis capabilities to better track Australia's COVID-19 economic recovery

·         $116.5 million for the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (including capital funding of $32.9 million) to better protect consumers and small businesses

·         $106.4 million for the Treasury to continue to implement the Government's COVID-19 response and track economic recovery

·         $28.8 million to the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority to boost its capacity to respond to risks within the financial system, with costs to be recovered from industry.

·         $15 million in additional funding for serious and organised crime in the tax and superannuation system. This extends the 2017-18 Budget measure for another two years to 30 June 2023



The Economy

We knew there was going to be a big black hole of a deficit. The Treasurer revealed $213.7 billion in 2020-21, with an expectation of this falling to $66.9 billion by 2023-24.


Australia's economy contracted by 7% in the June quarter.


Gross debt will increase to $872 billion (45% of GDP) this year and stabilise at around 55% of GDP in the medium term.


Net debt will increase to $703 billion (36% of GDP) this year before peaking at 44% of GDP in June 2024, and declining to less than 40% of GDP over the medium term.


GDP is forecast to fall by 3¾% this calendar year and the unemployment rate is forecast to peak at 8% in the December quarter. Next calendar year, GDP is forecast to grow by 4¼%, and the unemployment rate is forecast to fall to 6½% in the June quarter 2022.


The information contained herein is provided on the understanding that it neither represents nor is intended to be advice or that the authors or distributor is engaged in rendering legal or professional advice. Whilst every care has been taken in its preparation no person should act specifically on the basis of the material contained herein. If assistance is required, professional advice should be obtained.

The material contained in the 2020-21 Budget Update should be used as a guide in conjunction with professional expertise and judgement.  All responsibility for applications of the 2020-21 Budget Update and for the direct or indirect consequences of decisions based on the 2020-21 Budget Update rests with the user. Knowledge Shop Pty Ltd, RGA Accounting Pty Ltd directors and authors or any other person involved in the preparation and distribution of this guide, expressly disclaim all and any contractual, tortious or other form of liability to any person in respect of the 2020-21 Budget Update and any consequences arising from its use by any person in reliance upon the whole or any part of the contents of this guide.

 Copyright © Knowledge Shop Pty Ltd. 7 October 2020. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants. Email us at 

All rights reserved. No part of the 2020-21 Budget Update should be reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by information storage or retrieval system, other than specified without written permission from Knowledge Shop Pty Ltd.

JobKeeper Update 7 August 2020


JobKeeper 2.0 Updated 7 August 2020 

From 28 September 2020, the second tranche of the JobKeeper scheme changes the eligibility tests for employers and employees, and the method and amount paid to eligible employees.


To receive JobKeeper from 28 September 2020, employers will need to reassess their eligibility with reference to actual GST turnover for the September 2020 quarter (for JobKeeper payments between 28 September to 3 January 2021), and again for December 2020 quarter (for payments between 4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021).


Eligible employers

The broad eligibility tests to access JobKeeper remain the same with an extended decline in turnover test.


·         On 1 March 2020, carried on a business in Australia or was a non-profit body pursuing its objectives principally in Australia; and

o    before the end of the JobKeeper fortnight, it met the decline in turnover test*:

§  >15% for an ACNC-registered charity (excluding universities, or schools within the meaning of the GST Act – these entities need to meet the basic turnover test)

§  > 50% for large businesses:

·         aggregated turnover for the test period is likely to be $1 billion or more, or aggregated turnover for the previous year to the test period was $1 billion or more (a small business that forms part of a group that is a large business must have a >50% decline in turnover to satisfy the test).

§  ­>30% for all other qualifying entities.

o    And, was not:

§  on 1 March 2020, subject to Major Bank Levy for any quarter ending before this date, a member of a consolidated group and another member of the group had been subject to the levy; or

§  a government body of a particular kind, or a wholly-owned entity of such a body; or

§  at any time in the fortnight, a provisional liquidator or liquidator has been appointed to the business or a trustee in bankruptcy had been appointed to the individual's property.


1 March 2020 is an absolute date. An employer that had ceased trading, commenced after 1 March 2020, or was not pursuing its objectives in Australia at that date, is not eligible.


*Additional tests apply from 28 September 2020.


Additional decline in turnover tests

To receive JobKeeper payments from 28 September 2020, businesses will need to meet the basic eligibility tests and an extended decline in turnover test based on actual GST turnover



30 March to 27 September 2020

28 September to 3 January 2021

4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021

Decline in turnover

Projected GST turnover for a relevant month or quarter is expected to fall by at least 30% (15% for ACNC-registered charities, 50% for large businesses) compared to the same period in 2019.*

Actual GST turnover in the September 2020 quarter (July, August & September) fell by at least 30% (15% for ACNC-registered charities, 50% for large businesses) compared to the same period in 2019.

The decline for the quarter needs to be met to continue receiving JobKeeper payments.

Actual GST turnover in the December 2020 quarter (October, November & December) fell by at least 30% (15% for ACNC-registered charities, 50% for large businesses) compared to the same period in 2019. The decline for the quarter needs to be met to continue receiving JobKeeper payments.


* Alternative tests potentially apply where a business fails the basic test and does not have a relevant comparison period.


Most businesses will generally use their Business Activity Statement (BAS) reporting to assess eligibility. However, as the BAS deadlines are generally not due until the month after the end of the quarter, eligibility for JobKeeper will need to be assessed in advance of the BAS reporting deadlines to meet the wage condition for eligible employees. However, the ATO will have discretion to extend the time an entity has to pay employees in order to meet the wage condition.


Alternative arrangements are expected to be put in place for businesses and not-for-profits that are not required to lodge a BAS (for example, if the entity is a member of a GST group).


Alternative tests

The Commissioner of Taxation will have discretion to set out alternative tests that would establish eligibility in specific circumstances where it is not appropriate to compare actual turnover in a quarter in 2020 with actual turnover in a quarter in 2019. These alternative tests have not as yet been released.


Eligible employees

The Government has announced that employee eligibility tests will change from 3 August 2020 onwards.


Under the current version of the JobKeeper scheme an employee must generally have been employed by the relevant entity on 1 March 2020 to be eligible for JobKeeper payments. Someone employed as a casual on that date also must have been employed on a regular and systematic basis for the 12 month period leading up to 1 March 2020.


However, these proposed changes mean that employees who were previously ineligible for JobKeeper because they were not employed by the entity on 1 March 2020 may now be able to receive JobKeeper payments if they were employed by the entity on 1 July 2020 and can fulfil all of the other eligibility requirements.


·         On 1 July 2020 (previously 1 March 2020):

·         Was aged 16 years and over; and

·         If the individual was aged 16 or 17, was either financially independent or was not undertaking full-time study;

·         Was an employee other than a casual, or was a long-term casual*; and

·         Was an Australian resident (under the meaning of the Social Security Act 1991), or a resident for tax purposes and held a Subclass 444 (Special category) visa**.

·         And, at any point during the JobKeeper fortnight:

·         Was an employee of the employer (including employees that have been stood down or rehired); and

·         Was not an excluded employee:

§  An employee receiving parental leave pay or dad and partner pay; or

§  An employee receiving workers compensation payments in relation to total incapacity.

·         And, has provided the JobKeeper Payment Employee Nomination to the employer:

·         Agreeing to be nominated by the employer as an eligible employee under the JobKeeper scheme; and

·         Confirming that they have not agreed to be nominated by another employer; and

·         If they are a long-term casual, they do not have permanent employment with another employer.


*A 'long term casual employee' is a person who has been employed by the business on a regular and systematic basis during the period of 12 months that ended on the applicable testing date (previously 1 March 2020, but changing to 1 July 2020). These are likely to be employees with a recurring work schedule or a reasonable expectation of ongoing work.


JobKeeper payments

From 28 September 2020 the payment rates for JobKeeper will reduce and split into a higher and lower rate.


Whether an eligible employee can access the higher or lower rate will depend on the number of hours they worked during a 4 week test period. The Government indicates that the higher rate will apply to employees who worked at least 20 hours a week on average in the four weeks of pay periods prior to either 1 March 2020 or 1 July 2020.



30 March to 27 September 2020

28 September to 3 January 2021

4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021


· $1,500 per fortnight per employee

· $1,200 per fortnight per employee or business participant who worked > 20 hours per week

· $750 per fortnight per employee or business participant working < 20 hours per week


· $1,000 per fortnight per employee or business participant who worked > 20 hours per week

· $650 per fortnight per employee or business participant working < 20 hours per week


Assessing if an employee has worked 20 hours or more

JobKeeper payments from 28 September 2020 are paid at a lower rate for employees who worked less than 20 hours per week on average in the four weeks of pay periods before 1 March 2020 and the four weeks of pay periods before 1 July 2020.


The Commissioner of Taxation will have discretion to set out alternative tests for those situations where an employee's or business participant's hours were not usual during February or June 2020. Also, the ATO will provide guidance on how this will be dealt with when pay periods are not weekly. This guidance is not as yet available.

Can I keep getting JobKeeper until September?

If your business and your employees passed the original eligibility tests to access JobKeeper, and you have fulfilled your wage requirements, you can continue to claim JobKeeper up until the last JobKeeper fortnight that ends on 27 September 2020. 


ATO Assistant Commissioner Andrew Watson said in a recent interview, "Once you're in, you're in to the end of September. If you meet the eligibility test once, you're in it for the whole time." The original eligibility test was a once only test although there are ongoing conditions that need to be satisfied for each JobKeeper fortnight.

JobKeeper fortnights



JobKeeper fortnight



Payment rate


30 March 2020 – 12 April 2020

JobKeeper 1.0

Eligibility period 1

$1,500 per fortnight


13 April 2020 – 26 April 2020


27 April 2020 – 10 May 2020


11 May 2020 – 24 May 2020


25 May 2020 – 7 June 2020


8 June 2020 – 21 June 2020


22 June 2020 – 5 July 2020


6 July 2020 – 19 July 2020


20 July 2020 – 2 August 2020


3 August 2020 – 16 August 2020


17 August 2020 – 30 August 2020


31 August 2020 – 13 September 2020


14 September 2020 – 27 September 2020


28 September 2020 – 11 October 2020

JobKeeper 2.0

Eligibility period 2

High rate: $1,200

Low rate: $750


12 October 2020– 25 October 2020


26 October 2020 – 8 November 2020


9 November 2020 – 22 November 2020


23 November 2020 – 6 December 2020


7 December 2020 – 20 December 2020


21 December 2020 – 3 January 2021


4 January 2021 – 17 January 2021

Eligibility period 3

High rate: $1,000

Low rate: $650


18 January 2021 – 31 January 2021


1 February 2021 – 14 February 2021


15 February 2021 – 28 February 2021


1 March 2021 – 14 March 2021


15 March 2021 – 28 March 2021

Need help with working out eligibility?

If you need help to work out whether your business is eligible for the extension or whether certain employees will soon need to be paid a part-time rate, contact us today, we can help work out your eligibility in advance and plan for the new payment rates to your employees.

Email us at Robert Goodman Accountants at© Copyright 2020. All rights reserved. Brought to you by Robert Goodman Accountants.